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  1. Exploration of questions from GCSE Maths A: Identifying the types of question that candidates find the most and least demanding, within a topic

    Authors: 
    Melissa Jackson and Rachel Lismore-Burns

    Following each live examination session, senior examiners for GCSE and A-level produce reports on candidate performance in that examination. This paper explores how such reporting might be further enhanced, through the inclusion of the outcomes from detailed statistical analysis of live test data....

  2. Teacher moderation systems

    Authors: 
    Martin Taylor

    In most current GCE, VCE, GCSE and GNVQ specifications, coursework comprises one or more defined tasks (either set by the awarding body or based on criteria defined by the awarding body) and is marked by centres....

  3. Why item mark? The advantages and disadvantages of e-marking

    Authors: 
    Anne Pinot de Moira

    The move towards e-marking has meant some large changes to the long established processes and practices for marking national examinations....

  4. Item banks and on-demand tests

    Authors: 
    Claire Whitehouse

    The aim of this chapter is to provide an overview of the fundamental principles of item banking....

  5. Assessment reform: students' and teachers' responses to the introduction of stretch and challenge at A-level

    Authors: 
    Anthony Daly, Jo-Anne Baird, Suzanne Chamberlain and Michelle Meadows

    This paper describes an exploration into a reform of the A-level qualification in England in 2008; namely, the introduction of the ‘stretch and challenge’ policy....

  6. Targeting questions to grades in GCSE Mathematics B

    Authors: 
    Ashleigh Seldon

    For GCSE Mathematics B, the Qualifications and Curriculum Authority (QCA) provide grade descriptors indicating the level of attainment characteristic of grades A, C and F. These are designed to provide a general indication of the anticipated learning outcomes at each grade....

  7. Item banking with a test construction interface: An evaluation of a prototype

    Authors: 
    Claire Whitehouse, Qingping He and Christopher Wheadon

    A prototype item bank/test construction interface was developed and evaluated within the Research and Policy Analysis department to assess how alterations to the current question paper setting process brought about by item banking may impact on the quality of tests....

  8. Principles and practice of on-demand testing

    Authors: 
    Christopher Wheadon, Claire Whitehouse, Victoria Spalding, Kate Tremain and Melody Charman

    This research was commissioned by Ofqual to review how advances in computer technology were enabling on-demand testing in the UK and to consider the implications of these advances for high stakes general qualifications....

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