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  1. Combining grades from different assessments: how reliable is the result?

    Authors: 
    Mike Cresswell

    Assessment usually involves combining results from a number of components. This has traditionally been done by adding marks and the issues raised are discussed in most books on assessment....

  2. Examination grades: how many should there be?

    Authors: 
    Mike Cresswell

    There is no generally accepted rationale for deciding the number of grades which should be used to report examination results. Two schools of thought on this matter have been identified in the literature....

  3. A review of borderline reviewing

    Authors: 
    Mike Cresswell

    Borderline reviews, in which the work of candidates who have just failed to achieve particular grades is reconsidered, are carried out by all but one of the GCE examining boards. The objective is to improve the reliability of such candidates’ grades....

  4. Profile reporting in external examinations

    Authors: 
    John Francis

    The psychometric approach to reporting separately the component grades or scores of an examination is challenged because it relies on misleading assumptions. An alternative approach which involves re‐thinking the purpose and structure of examinations is described....

  5. Setting the grade standards in the first year of the new GCSEs

    Authors: 
    William Pointer

    Reformed GCSEs in English, English Literature and Mathematics are being introduced for first teaching from September 2015 with the first examinations in summer 2017. Other subjects are being reformed to start the following year with first examinations in summer 2018....