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  1. The effect of marker background and training on the quality of marking in GCSE English

    Authors: 
    Michelle Meadows and Lucy Billington

    Historically, in the UK, marker selection criteria for national examinations have been a matter of custom and practice. Only recently has empirical evidence of the effect of background on marking reliability begun to be gathered....

  2. The use of 'live' versus photocopied scripts in the first phase sample of marking standardisation

    Authors: 
    Michelle Meadows

    Prior to beginning marking, all examiners attend a Standardisation Meeting at which they are trained in the application of the mark scheme. Following the meeting, a First Phase Sample script review is conducted....

  3. Can we predict who will be a reliable marker?

    Authors: 
    Michelle Meadows

    The Assessment and Qualifications Alliance, Research and Policy Analysis Department have conducted a large number of studies that have attempted to identify factors which might allow awarding bodies to predict those examiners who are likely to mark most reliably and those who are likely to require a...

  4. Is teaching experience necessary for reliable marking?

    Authors: 
    Lucy Royal-Dawson and Jo-Anne Baird

    Although hundreds of thousands of markers are recruited internationally to mark examinations, little research has been conducted on the selection criteria that should be used....

  5. Seeds of Doubt: Learning lessons from item level marking

    Authors: 
    Anne Pinot de Moira

    This paper proposes a multilevel model which could be used to compare marking reliability between seed marked items and between seed marked units....

  6. Features of a levels-based mark scheme and their effect on marking reliability

    Authors: 
    Anne Pinot de Moira

    Levels-based mark schemes are commonly used in the marking of extended response items but, between specifications, there is little commonality in their design, formulation and application....

  7. Examiner Background and the Effect on Marking Reliability

    Authors: 
    Anne Pinot de Moira

    Arising from recommendations of the independent panel report on maintaining GCE A Level standards (Baker, McGraw, & Lord Sutherland of Houndwood, January 2002), this report discusses a study of the background of examiners and the marks they give....

  8. Who is the specialist? The effect of specialisms on the marking reliability of an English literature examination

    Authors: 
    Claire Whitehouse

    The effect of examiner specialisms on marking reliability is an under-researched topic. This report explores the topic using multilevel modelling of mark remark data from quality monitoring samples....

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