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  1. The effects of consistency of performance on A-level examiners' judgements of standards

    Authors: 
    Alex Scharaschkin and Jo-Anne Baird

    One source of evidence used for the setting of minimum marks required to obtain grades in General Certificate of Education (GCE) examinations is the qualitative, expert judgement of examiners....

  2. Measuring comparability of standards between subjects: why our statistical techniques do not make the grade

    Authors: 
    Paul Newton

    In the past few years the examination boards in Britain have witnessed a renewed interest from external bodies in the notion of comparability of grading standards between different subjects....

  3. Comparing examination standards: is a purely statistical approach adequate?

    Authors: 
    Ben Jones

    There has recently been a renewed interest in three types of comparability of standards in the United Kingdom public examination system: between years, between subjects and between the six examination boards....

  4. The comparability of different subjects in public examinations: a theoretical and practical critique

    Authors: 
    Harvey Goldstein and Mike Cresswell

    Comparability between different public examinations in the same and also different subjects, has been a continuing requirement in the UK. There is a current renewed interest in between‐subject comparability, especially at A‐level....

  5. Differences in marks awarded as a result of moderation: some findings from a teacher assessed oral examination in French

    Authors: 
    Frances Good

    Identical standards and criteria are unlikely to be applied by all teachers when marking school‐based components of examinations, so moderation procedures are required to check and, if necessary, adjust their marks....

  6. A method of moderation of school-based assessments: some statistical considerations

    Authors: 
    Frances Good

    Most GCSE examinations will include a school-based component marked by the teacher; adjustments to these marks may be required to give a common measurement scale for all centres....

  7. Sex differences in GCE examination entry statistics and success rates

    Authors: 
    Roger Murphy

    The General Certificate of Education (GCE) ‘O’ and ‘A’ level examinations were first introduced in 1951....

  8. Strictly statistics

    Authors: 
    Anne Pinot de Moira and Kate Kelly

    The science and statistics behind examinations is not widely publicised or understood. This is, at least in part, due to the dry, complex and often esoteric nature of the topic. But a lack of transparency may lead to a lack of trust, and the grades students receive have limited value without trust....