Research library

Browse and search the library of research carried out by the Centre for Education Research and Practice, covering a wide range of topics across education and assessment.

  1. A Rasch analysis of the quality of marking of GCSE Science

    Authors: 
    William Pointer

    The reintroduction of an examination that combines biology, chemistry and physics has created the potential for a reduction in the reliability of marking....

  2. How policy formation and implementation interacts with risks to high stakes qualifications

    Authors: 
    Stuart Cadwallader and Kate Tremain

    The challenges associated with the formation and implementation of national qualifications policy are well documented (e.g. Baird & Lee-Kelley, 2009; Oates, 2008; Richardson, 2007)....

  3. Gains in marking reliability from item-level marking: is the sum of the parts better than the whole?

    Authors: 
    Christopher Wheadon and Anne Pinot de Moira

    Marking of high-stakes examinations in England has traditionally been administered by schools and colleges sending their examination papers directly to examiners. As a consequence, the work of one candidate has, historically, been marked by one examiner, as has work of an entire centre....

  4. Seeds of Doubt: Learning lessons from item level marking

    Authors: 
    Anne Pinot de Moira

    This paper proposes a multilevel model which could be used to compare marking reliability between seed marked items and between seed marked units....

  5. An analysis of the GCE A* grade

    Authors: 
    Daniel Acquah

    The General Certificate of Education (GCE) A* grade was first awarded to students in 2010. It was introduced to assist higher education institutions in differentiating between the highest performing students and to promote and reward greater stretch and challenge....

  6. Features of a levels-based mark scheme and their effect on marking reliability

    Authors: 
    Anne Pinot de Moira

    Levels-based mark schemes are commonly used in the marking of extended response items but, between specifications, there is little commonality in their design, formulation and application....

  7. Estimation of composite score classification accuracy using compound probability distributions

    Authors: 
    Christopher Wheadon and Ian Stockford

    Presented is a demonstration of an intuitively simple, flexible and computationally inexpensive approach to estimating classification accuracy indices for composite score scales formed from the aggregation of performance on two or more assessments....

  8. School Accountability in England: Past, Present and Future

    Authors: 
    Daniel Acquah

    This review focuses on accountability in school-based education in England....

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