Neil Stringer

Principal Research Manager
AEA-Europe's annual conference is a vital place for the assessment community to share ideas and challenge ourselves to think critically about our own research. The theme for 2016 – 'Social and political underpinnings of educational assessment: past, present and future' – inspired CERP researchers...
This study investigates the effects of socioeconomic status and schooling on the academic attainment of a cohort of students at a single medical school (N = 240). Partial least squares structural equation modelling was used to explore how students’ summative assessment scores over 4 years of...
Before any examiner can mark national examinations in England they must be trained to use the mark scheme in a process called standardisation. The selection of exemplar material from live scripts for use in standardisation is time consuming and often fails to unearth a full range of candidate...
In its proposed framework for validating Ofqual-regulated assessments, Ofqual identifies four key areas of evidence on which validity arguments should be based. One key area is the alignment between assessment and the curriculum/syllabus. The work reported here demonstrates a method for producing a...
In 2009, a suite of revised GCSEs was introduced for first teaching. For the first time, all subjects were offered in modular specifications, where previously the majority were only offered linearly. For some time, modular assessment – and resits in particular – have featured in the public...
General Certificate of Secondary Education (GCSE) and General Certificate of Education (GCE) grading standards are determined by Awarding Bodies using procedures that adhere to the Code of Practice published by the regulator, Ofqual. Grade boundary marks (cut scores) are set using subject...
In line with the aim of simplifying and standardising the format of AQA‘s question papers, it has been proposed that all question papers should be numbered using a simple sequential system (i.e. 1, 2, 3… etc.). The study reported here investigated whether using sequential question numbering where...
When candidates take a test, whether it is a written examination, a practical performance, or submitting a portfolio of work, it is taken so that an examiner can assess the candidate’s performance relative to a standard. There is normally a reason for doing this: to select people for further...
Assessing students’ work and awarding a mark requires human judgement. For example, two people assessing the same piece of work may disagree on whether a skill has been demonstrated to a particular level or whether a student’s written answer is clear. Or, a person may mark and then re-mark a piece...

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